liston Dynamic Areas
Renewable Energies and Climate Change
A global expanding economy that records the arrival of new important players at the forefront of the world production system –such as China and India– presents renewed pressures on the structure and dynamism of its energy equation due to the constant increases in demand and to the evolution of reserves of the different types of fossil fuels. Moreover, their geographical concentration within a few regions of the planet –mainly in the case of oil reserves– causes deep concern.

On the other hand, a growing number of experts relate the current typical consumption of energy to the strong process of deterioration of the environment, generating justified concern for the long-term sustainability of the world production matrix for goods and services.
The growth of the world's population, the increase of the personal income of the people of emerging markets and oil-exporters countries, the migration to the cities and the progressive trade liberalization are some of the factors behind the big changes in the world's food demand. These has push agricultural commodity's prices up to record levels and has placed agri-business as one of the more profitable sectors, stimulating the supply, investments and technological development throughout the whole value chain.

This international food supply and demand dynamic is generating significant changes, projecting a favorable price scenario for the agri-business sector even in 2015. According to international specialists and specialized organizations like FAO, OECD and USDA, basic product prices in the medium term would have average levels considerable higher than those observed in the last ten years. However, in the long run, it is expected that the underlying forces pressing on the agricultural supply would have more weight on the demand. Therefore, at that future moment, price levels would tend to stabilize at historical levels.
Biotechnology, understood as the exploitation of biology, has probably been in use for centuries for the production of beer, wine, cheese and other food and beverages. It is even possible that Sumerians and Babylonians, which inhabited the Asian Mesopotamia in the 6th century BC, or the Egyptian of the 4th century BC, were its first clients through, precisely, the consumption of beer and wine.

The "new" biotechnology which arose in the 1970s and 1980s, when scientists learnt how to alter the genetic constitution of living organisms outside the habitual crossbreeding techniques, brought about a real revolution and a renaissance of a science called to revolutionize the production of goods and services (as it is swiftly taking place in the health area).
Telecommunication and Information Technologies
There is probably not a clearest and most recent example of the impact that technological development can have in everyday life than that represented by the emergence of personal computers and the development of the Internet. They have changed our way of living in multiple ways and, essentially, our way of communicating.

This technological revolution has been responsible for a sharp jump in productivity sustained by many experts in the economies of developed countries and for offering the hope of promoting growth in many developing countries as well as in relatively poorer ones.